By Linda K. Davis, Owner, Alpaca.com L.L.C.
An arrangement in which an alpaca owner boards
the animal at a location other than his own property.
The Alpaca Owners and Breeders Association.
That part of an alpaca's coat that extends
from the nape of the neck at the withers along the back
to the tail and down the flanks to the belly and haunches.
A pregnant alpaca.
Induced ovulation (no estrous cycle) through
physical copulation between sire and dam.
(Camelids) The larger family in which lama
pacos (the alpaca) is a member. This grouping also includes
camels, llamas, guanacos, and vicunas.
The overall evaluation of a fleece or lock
as based on handle, staple length, fineness, density, luster,
The shape or contour of the alpaca, resulting
from the appropriate arrangement, or balance, of all body
A North American breeder term for abundant
fiber growth which occurs in areas other than the primary
blanket, i.e., between the ears (cap) and on the lower legs.
(Cre-a) A baby alpaca. The word derives from
the Spanish terms for creation and nursing.
The even, corrugated wave formation in the
staple (lock) of huacaya fiber.
The even, corrugated wave formation in a single
fiber of huacaya fleece.
The spiraling, lustrous ringlets along the
length of individual suri fibers which gives the coat a
An alpaca's mother.
The number of fibers in a specific area of
an alpaca's body.
The fleece of the alpaca also known as wool
The diameter in microns of individual alpaca
The entire genetic constitution of the individual
The way an alpaca fiber feels when touched;
sometimes used interchangeably with "softness."
A male alpaca with genetic characteristics
desirable for breeding.
A type of alpaca with crimped wool that resembles a teddy
Body temperature elevated above the normal range.
A portion of most alpaca purchase contracts involving a bred
female, in which the seller guarantees that the cria, when
born, will be alive and survive for a stated minimal amount
of time, usually 48 hours.
The springiness in fiber as it returns to normal after being
squeezed; sometimes used synonymously with fluffiness.
The process of giving birth; also called birthing.
A male alpaca whose genetic characteristics are not considered
desirable for breeding; usually gelded at 9-12 months of age.
The entire physical, biochemical, and physiological makeup
of an individual alpaca, as determined both genetically and
The best fleece an alpaca will ever produce, usually its first
coat called Tui.
A standard portion of bred female sales agreement in which
the seller offers rebreeding (usually free) to his sire in
the event that the cria does not survive long enough to satisfy
the live birth clause in the contract. May also involve a
free or reduced-fee rebreeding of the dam after the successful
birth of the cria.
The Alpaca Registry was created in 1988 and is the central
storage and retrieval center for all information on almost
every alpaca in the United States. The Registry records and
maintains data on pedigrees, blood typing, registry numbers,
and other vital information on registered alpacas, and makes
this data available upon request.
The once-a-year harvesting of alpaca fibers usually carried
out in mid-spring in order to make the alpaca cooler through
the summer and allow the coat time to grow back before the
cold of winter returns.
The alpaca's father-sometimes called "herdsire."
The fleece and fleece products of the goat and camel families,
including mohair, cashmere, angora, alpaca, vicuna, guanaco,
llama, and camels.
An alpaca type, known for long "pencils" of non-crimped
fiber resembling dreadlocks.
See prime fleece.
See wool cap.
Any condition that prevents a part of the body from functioning
A small (90 pounds) South American camelid with an extremely
fine cinnamon and white coat; some consider the vicuna to
be the direct ancestor of the alpaca.
A weaned alpaca less than one year old.
Wool on the alpaca's head and between its ears which is
considered a desirable aesthetic quality; also known as
An alpaca one to two years old.
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